Telecom carries have long held oligopolies on business telecommunications services but the Telecommunications Act of 1996, the first major overhaul of the US telecommunications law in 60+ years, broke up Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs), introduced Competitive Local Exchange Carriers (CLECs), and included the "Internet" for the first time with the goal of regulating its broadcast communication capabilities.
The 1996 Telecom Act required incumbent carriers to interconnect networks with new entrants to the market. Prior to the legislation, incumbent carrier could use their dominant positions to freely restrict competitiveness by denying network interconnections, setting absurd terms and conditions, or rates designed to undermine new competitors.
Most businesses rely on landlines for telecommunications services. Landlines have long been proven to be one of the most reliable and secure methodologies of communicating. Several factors make landlines a critical component for a company's or organization's normal business operations.
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